Sri Lanka has a large range of handicrafts, known globally for these products that are manufactured by applying old age techniques that have been passed down from generation to generation. These artifacts have been assembled by the use of particular tools […]
Sri Lanka has a large range of handicrafts, known globally for these products that are manufactured by applying old age techniques that have been passed down from generation to generation. These artifacts have been assembled by the use of particular tools and from raw materials found abundant in nature. Sri Lankan Handicrafts are very famous among the locals and as well as among the tourists. There made from indigenous raw materials and tools fashioned in rural craft centers. It was within these castes that traditional skills were closely preserved with a high degree of distinct ethnic identity. It’s more of a cottage industry than own by multinational companies. It’s an art which developed into a business. The people who involved in this field, they got the skill and art from their parents. They have passed the art of making handicrafts generation to generation. It helps very much to elevate their financial situation.
Pottery is one of the oldest handicrafts in Sri Lanka. It has been continuing since very beginning of Aryans Sinhalese civilization of Sri Lanka in 5th century BC. Some clay pots,vessels, decorated items, sculptures and other clay equipment has been founded in archaeological excavations which proofing how old this industry was.
Potter is traditionally known as “Kumbala”in local language. First they prepare the clay by mixing water into it. They use the foot to mix. Either Clay may be modeled by hand or with the assistance of a potter’s wheel. After the molding process pottery must be fired, to make the clay get rid of water in the clay and to get hard. Products finishing is depend on how far potter is skilled. Low fired cooking pots, cooking pans, jugs, bowls, goblets, tiles, vases are the most widely used in kitchen of Sri Lanka. And ornaments such as delightful animals, Sinhalese characteristics are also produced at the pottery workshops in the countryside.
Handloom textiles are produced in Sri Lanka is a small scale industry. The combination of traditional designs mixed with modern trends in modern materials has made export quality Sri Lankan hand looms access the international market. Such as bedclothes, towels, upholstery materials, furnishing materials such as curtaining, cushion covers, saris and sarongs. And even books, notebooks, albums and writing pads are now clothed with this handicraft material. Most of the rural women are involving in this industry. Some of them run this as a cottage industry, which generate extra income for themselves. We know in this part of the world, mostly women are depend on the man financially, but this kind of industries make them to stand on their foot and convert their skills into money. The government also providing some supports to uplift the lives of working.
Batiks is Indonesian influenced roots, yet in Sri Lanka has developed into unique style to produce shirts, sarongs, dresses, shorts, wall hanging, cushion covers. Batik handicraft products are of vibrant colors. In the production of high-quality batik is time-consuming, batik involves multiple waxing and dying of cloth. In the end, all wax scrapped out and boiled. The cloth is made to absorb the colors of the dyes further by the use of hydroelectric acid. Originally Batika cottage industry, today manufacturing of batik products is done at workshop level in the southwestern coastal areas as well as the central area of Sri Lanka. The melted wax covers the uncolored areas. Moreover, this is such a tedious process. It depends on the color scheme, where the processed cloth has to go in the color bath several times. The patterns are generally drawn on a white cloth using a template. However, a skilled artist who has the ability derived from China manages not only cotton but pure silk as well. In this form of art, the initial step is the lime drawing, then waxing and the boiling sessions that take place before the final dyeing session. The ‘tie & dye’ method was popular earlier as drawing is unnecessary here, although the theme becomes a multi-colored uniform round of patterns. The cloth should be washed thoroughly; a drawing pen with a heap of molten wax is used to trace the pattern. The temperature of the wax is 17 C. When the wax has cooled down, the cloth is submerged in a bowl of cold water and then placed in the dye bath and added to salt and soda for 30-60 minutes. The cloth is then removed ad paged to drip; to remove the wax the cloth should be boiled in a container for 5 minutes with detergent the cloth should then be rinsed and dried thoroughly. This is the process for each color until the final design is complete.
The tradition of wood carving manifested at Lankathilaka temples and Embekke Temples at Kandy. A wide range of handicraft items made of wood combine utility and beauty adding elegance to your lifestyle. wall hanging, fancy jewelry, figurine, sculpture, lacquer products, gift boxes, toys, educational items for preschool children, household items are some of the woodcraft items produced in Sri Lanka. Woodcarving is one of the oldest crafts still continuously practiced in Sri Lanka. Ancient artisans preferred low relief woodcarving. Today many decorative tables, chairs & panels are still carefully carved using traditional designs
Wooden masks making earliest influenced in the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, especially city of Ambalangoda has a long heritage in specialized handicrafts producing of wooden masks. Vibrant colors are made of timber of tree locally called kaduru
The technique of producing masks has been passed from generation to generation from ancient times. The logs (kotaya) of Kaduru dried in the hard tropical sun till the juice of the timber vanishes. Then cut into the pieces of the required size. Its carved and painted which depict god, human, demons, and beasts
Brassware in Sri Lanka produced in two main techniques; wrought and cast Oil lamps, pots, bowls, vases, wall plaques and other household items made with cast technique. Brassware is assembled in two main techniques; wrought and cast bowls. Tea services, trays, and ornamental ware, as well as decorative ware, are produced by this wrought technique
Wewaldeniya is very famous for cane waving, though it’s not the native place of Wewal palm (calamus rotang). Those are coming from far areas. We can see only shops on the roadside of Kandy road. But inside the village huge workshops are functioning which consist of thousands of workers. The skills they got from their parents but when we talked to them they had no idea how this industry was rooted in this area.
Not indigenous to Sri Lanka was introduced by the early European.
Mat weaving used to be practiced by every female villager because the crafts were considered a necessary domestic accomplishment. Mats were used for both floors covering and beds. Presently mat weaving is still popular among villagers, but it is a cottage industry with few established sales outlets. Instead, weavers generally peddle their mats at festivals, fairs, and pilgrimage sites. Visitors may see them during the Kandy perehera; the pavements of the city are colorfully lived with rolled up mats for sale The mats of the highest quality with the best designs are made in the village of the Dumbara Valley in the Kandy district.
These mats are traditionally woven on a simple loom using fibres from the bowstring hemp, mostly of white or black color and often decorated with stripes or bands, or even animal or floral motifs.
Sri Lanka has a long tradition in metals such as gold, silver, brass, tin, lead, and iron as well as their ornamental casting and pierced designs. Handicrafts of damascene decorating metals such as iron or steel with wavy patterns etching or inlays of precious metals and filigree-delicate decorative openwork made from thin metal.
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Gampaha, Sri Lanka.