The Knuckles Mountain Range is one of the main nature attractions and biodiversity hotspot extends towards the Kandy and Matale Districts in central province Sri Lanka.
The changing terrain of grasslands, rugged mountain peaks interspersed with streams and waterfalls make Knuckles mountain range for high value. 1863m Is the summit of the knuckles elevation. This will be the 6th highest peak in Srilanka. Also, the Knuckles mountain range is the part of central highlands UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE became in 2010. Peak wildness (Adam’s peak)and Horton plains will be the other to parts of world heritage addition to the Knuckles mountain range.
The climate at Knuckles Range
The average temperature ranges from 10 to 35 degrees Celsius. Also, average rainfall at Knuckles ranges between 3000 to 5000 ml. The Southwest Monsoon brings rain through a gap in the range of mountains.
Meemure, Kaikawala, and Galamuduna
The knuckles mountain range is inhabited by traditional villagers. The existence of these indigenous community depends upon rice cultivation, Slash and burn cultivation and local spice cultivation. The transportation of this village area will be rural and access to these villages are a bit adventurous. Meemure has been such a traditional village lifestyle still preserve of Sri Lanka, local and foreign visitors are visit these rules villages to enjoy their nature and lifestyle.
Biodiversity at Knuckles Range
The High flora & fauna Biodiversity of the Knuckles range is the main reason to become its as a UNESCO world heritage. The whole area is home to mammals such as spotted deer, wild boars, giant squirrel, barking deer, monkeys, mongoose, and porcupine are found here.
Knuckles range is home to no about 200 bird species including Fifteen of these species are endemic to Sri Lanka. Spot Wing thrush, Sri Lankan blue magpie Jungle fowl, Yellow-fronted Barbet, small barbet, Sri Lankan warbler, White-faced Starling, Sri Lanka white eye, Black-headed Bulbul, Yellow-eared Bulbul, dusk blue flycatcher, brown-capped babbler, and Layard’s parakeet.
Among the endemic lizard species found at Knuckles range are Crestless Lizard, Pigmy Lizard, and Kangaroo Lizard, and are leaf nose lizard is only found in this forest
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