Tea plantations Central highland produces the largest volume of World famous Ceylon tea production in tea plantation and its associated factories. during the travel in Central Highland in Srilanka, so many sceneries related to the Srilankan tea industry. Evolution of […]
Central highland produces the largest volume of World famous Ceylon tea production in tea plantation and its associated factories. during the travel in Central Highland in Srilanka, so many sceneries related to the Srilankan tea industry.
Evolution of Tea industry in Srilanka
The tea is originated from China, the British are the reason behind spreading all over the world.especially during the colonial era.
Formally during the Portuguese and Dutch period, cinnamon was the crop that received government sponsorship. during the dutch period the first governor, Fedrick prohibited private cinnamon plantations to secure trade monopoly of an east Indian company, however economic collapse in 1830 in England and Europe affected the Ceylon cinnamon plantation as well.
The British turned to the coffee. Ceylonese also already had knowledge of coffee, but in it was also not succeeded due to fungus which effected coffee leaves .this led to the death of coffee industry.then planters experimented cocoa as alternative.that one also ended up in failure.
Eventually, they turned to the tea. As experimentation first tea plants brought from China and planted in Peradeniya botanical garden.
further experimental plants brought from Calcutta, India. finally, any tea plantations suited to the soil in that region. In 1867 James Taylor started tea plantation in Loolkandura estate (Near to Kandy).1872 fully operated tea factory was started. next year the first shipment of Ceylon tea arrived in London which is 10 kilograms. Then tea plantations started to spread.
1932 Ceylon tea propaganda board was formed and as a result of that 1965, Sri Lanka became the largest tea producer in the world for the first time.
1995 Sri Lanka was the largest exporter which shared 23% in the world market. Presently Sri Lanka is 4th largest tea exporter in the world market. The reason behind the high demand for Ceylon tea is because of hand plucking, without machines. which
effective on the finest quality.so the puckers can pick and choose the ideal leaf. And in Sri Lankan, it is legally prohibited to import tea. Otherwise, there is a chance of importing poor quality tea from other countries and mixup with Ceylon tea and exporting might result in damaging the brand name and ended up in losing the business.
Presently there are over 1 million employees involving in this trade directly and indirectly.
Tea types and how the tea process takes place
Mainly we can divide tea according to elevation from the sea level
0-500 meters considered as low country tea, which has more aroma
500-1000 m are considered as mid country tea
1000 m above considered as upcountry tea which is the largest volume of Ceylon tea production.
But mainly tea is categorized after the process.
1. Hand plucked teas are gathered into muster sheds, where the puckers get their wages according to the weight they plucked. Here they closely monitor the tea leaves as well
2. That tea brought into the factory. usually, the factories located in high elevation. because earlier days they dried the teas by using natural air flow. In the factory they put the tea into large trays to remove extra moisture.this process might reduce the tea weight up to 50% of its original weight. This process is known as withering.
3. Then put into rolling machines to brake tea into parts
4. Next process is the main part known as fermentation or oxidization. Let the tea to react with oxygen. the chemical reaction will take place.depending on the product the factory required the timing may differ, 20 minutes to 5 hours.
5. Tea goes to the firing chamber to stop further chemical reactions. this makes tea leaf shrink and black color
6. Then by a machine tea filtered by sizes. The big size considered as no1 tea. then categorized as medium, small and dust. To ensure the consistency of each particular category mixed up together again
These sizes are known as Orange Pecko (big in size.orange color)(OP),
Next broken orange pecko, (BOP) broken orange pecko fanning(BOPF), Dust 1, Dust 2
No, any artificial preservatives are added at any stage of the process. Green tea process is still the same but not putting into the firing chamber, while silver tips and golden tips have special plant and factories.Share this tour
Genuine Lanka Holiday & Tours PVT (LTD)
Gampaha, Sri Lanka.