Sri Lanka has different tourist experience, within a small tropical land in South East Asia such as Heritage sites, Beaches, Wildlife, Hill country, Cultural, activities, Traditional industries, and Adventures. Island located in the Indian Ocean very close to southern part of Indian peninsula. It separates from India by Palk Strait, About 35 km gap between India and Sri Lanka. Located between Northern Latitudes 5.55’ and 9.50’and Eastern Longitudes79.42’ and 81.52’. It is 5.30 hours ahead of GMT, There are two important factors. Sri Lanka is an independent state. The Island divided by nine provinces.
Land is 65610 sq Km. (2500 sq. miles) Maximum length North to South is 432 km from Point Palmyra in the North to Dondra Head. Maximum breath West to East is 227 km from Colombo to Sangaman Kanda in the East.
In Island position close to the equator means that temperature remains virtually constant year-round all over the year, coastal and lowland areas. Mostly you can enjoy high temperatures of 27 ‘C – 34 ‘C. Temperature decreases with altitude, reducing to the temperature average of around 20’C in the mid up country and a pleasantly mid 10 – 16 ‘C in Nuwara Eliya in the hill station of the island. Night in the hill country can be quite chilly, with temperature sometimes falling close to the freezing point.
Population of 21 million. People of Sri Lanka belong to different Cultural, Ethnic and Religious groups. The biggest cultural ethnic group are Sinhalese. Sinhalese make up about 70 percent of Sri Lankan population and they mostly live in the southwestern part of Sri Lanka. Language they speak is Sinhala, one of the official languages alongside Tamil, and most people are Buddhists.
Buddhism runs deep in Sri Lankan life. The island was one of the first places to convert to the religion, in 5th Cent. BC and has remained unswerving faithful in the more than 2500 years since. As such Sri Lanka is often claimed to be the world’s oldest Buddhist country, and the religion’s trappings are apparent everywhere, most obviously in the island’s myriad temple and festivals, as wells in its large and highly visible population of monks.